A Global Perspective on Aging: A Comparative Study of Old Age Policies in India and the West

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A Global Perspective on Aging: A Comparative Study of Old Age Policies in India and the West

Baljinder Singh[1] and Gaurav Chaudhary[2]

ABSTRACT

As the global population ages, ageing societies’ challenges and opportunities have become global issues. This study presents a comprehensive comparative analysis of old age policies in India and several Western countries, including the United States and European nations. With a focus on social security, healthcare services, elder abuse prevention, and other key dimensions of elderly welfare, this research aims to shed light on how different societies address the needs of their aging populations. The aging demographic is a universal phenomenon that presents a range of complex challenges. The rapid increase in the proportion of elderly citizens brings issues such as financial sustainability of pension and healthcare systems, social isolation, elder abuse, and the need for intergenerational support to the forefront. Addressing these concerns in a manner that preserves the dignity and well-being of the elderly remains a critical societal issue. This comparative study seeks to analyse the existing old age policies in India and Western countries, examining their structures, coverage, and the legal frameworks that underpin them and to explore the role of cultural and societal factors in shaping these policies and practices. The research reveals significant variations and commonalities in the approaches taken by India and Western countries in addressing the needs of their aging populations. While Western countries tend to have more comprehensive and well-established old age policies, India is undergoing significant developments in this area. Western countries typically provide robust social security systems, universal healthcare, and strong legal safeguards against elder abuse. In contrast, India is in the process of expanding its social security net and strengthening legal provisions. India relies heavily on family support and informal care networks for the elderly, while Western countries emphasize government-backed support services. Cultural and social norms play a significant role in shaping the care and expectations for elderly citizens in both India and Western countries.

KEYWORDS

Aging Societies, Old Age Policies, Comparative Study, Elderly Welfare

[1] PhD scholar at National Law University, Delhi

[2] PhD scholar at National Law University, Delhi

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