Ensuring Equity and Dignity: Exploring Human Rights in Public Health

Ensuring Equity and Dignity: Exploring Human Rights in Public Health

Laxmi Priya Soni

Law Student, 4th Year, B.A. LL.B., (Hons.), GITAM (Deemed to be) University, Visakhapatnam.


Ensuring Equity and Dignity” dives into the critical junction of human rights and public health, emphasizing the importance of equal healthcare access and maintaining human dignity. This study looks at the fundamental concepts of human rights in the context of public health, focusing on non-discrimination, active community engagement, and institutional responsibility. It investigates the social determinants of health and their impact on equitable healthcare outcomes, providing insights into ethical considerations and legal frameworks that drive policy. By scrutinizing these features, this research intends to improve a complete knowledge of the critical relationship between human rights and public health, providing avenues for more just, inclusive, and respectful healthcare systems worldwide.


Human Dignity, Equity, Public Health, Non-discrimination.


The concepts of fairness and dignity are critical in today’s interconnected society for safeguarding the well-being of all individuals. These values meet at a vital crossroads in the field of public health, where human rights promotion and protection are critical for establishing a just and inclusive society. The purpose of this investigation is to look into the complex relationship between human rights and public health, giving light on how these two realms interact to form our collective well-being. Public health is concerned with protecting and enhancing the health of populations. It includes a wide range of activities, such as illness prevention and health promotion, as well as healthcare access and policy creation.

The absence of illness is not the only measure of the effectiveness of public health activities; it is also the presence of social justice, equality, and human dignity. Human rights, on the other hand, provide a foundation for the fundamental rights and freedoms to which all people are entitled, regardless of their origin, beliefs, or circumstances. These rights apply to all elements of life, including civil, political, economic, social, and cultural rights. They are enshrined in international treaties, such as the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, as well as in the Constitution.

At the intersection of public health and human rights, we find a symbiotic relationship that requires our attention and commitment. To ensure that all members of society benefit equally, public health efforts must be founded on human rights values. Human rights, on the other hand, are upheld and realised through the implementation of equitable and dignified public health policies and practises. This multidimensional approach of understanding is important as to how human rights principles can be integrated into public health practices, ensuring that no one falls behind in the pursuit of health and well-being. Important issues such as healthcare access, the right to health, social determinants of health, and the impact of prejudice and inequality on public health outcomes. Understanding of the critical role that human rights play in influencing the future of public health and, by extension, the overall well-being of societies around the world is necessary

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